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Anselm concludes that one requires two wills to be free by arguing that to be free is to have an ability In this paper I will argue that Anselm believes that this ability is incompatible with an Aristotelian doctrine of the will and that to have this ability we must have at least two wills Only in such a model is one free Then I will argue that the agent who abandons justice differs from the one-willed creature Anselm considers in chapter 13because the latter is not acting freely whereas the former is acting freelyIn the 3rd meditation of Meditations on First Philosophy Descartes thinks he has proved the existence of God Given that God is good and that he exists Descartes must now explain why we make mistakes He argues that we make mistakes because we make judgments about ideas that are not clear and distinct If we refrained from making judgments in those cases we would not make any errors This raises a puzzle Granted that we can constrain our will when we dont have clear and distinct ideas can we constrain our will when we do have clear and distinct ideas Or are we compelled to judge on things of which we have clear and distinct ideas If the latter is the case then it appears we dont have a free will which would raise serious issues about responsibility for sin and so forthAccording to the Aristotelian doctrine of the will our will is directed towards a single end which is happiness All deliberation that one makes will be in regards to the means to this single end There can be no mistake in the direction of the will If a mistake is made it will be in the deliberation process or in the execution of the desired means to the end In either case the mistake will be such that one has no control over it Otherwise if one did have
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