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Metaphysics All men by nature desire to knowp51 So does Aristotle begin TheMetaphysics a book or rather a collection of lectures It is the book of thegreatest importance for an understanding of the philosophy of Aristotle and hashad a tremendous influence on the European thought The word Metaphysicsderives from the Greek meta ta physika after the things of nature In medievaland modern philosophy metaphysics has also been taken to mean the study ofthings transcending nature That is existing separately from nature and havingmore intrinsic reality and value than the things of nature- giving meta aphilosophical meaning that it did not posses during the period of ClassicalGreecep153 This simply means that in ancient times the word metaphysicsonly meant after physics but as time went on it took on a philosophicalmeaning-- things that go beyond mere physical attributes The term has had areligious and a spiritual connotation and refers generally to the field of philosophydealing with various things and their state of being Metaphysic is thus accordingto Aristotle Wisdom par excellence and the philosopher or lover of wisdom ishe who desires knowledge about the cause and nature of Reality Thusly wisdomdeals with the principles and causes of things that means it is an abstract sciencenot dealing with the senses Sense perception is common to all and thereforeeasy and no mark on Wisdom p169 But though it is the most abstracted ofsciences it is according to Aristotle the most exact of the sciences Thereforemetaphysics deals with knowledge at the highest level of abstraction It is thestudy of the most basic element of motion It is willing to look at the existence ofourselves with a questioning eye To Aristotle metaphysics was the study ofBeing and its principles and causes There were a few people in the classical period that contributed to thedevelopment metaphysics among them were Parmenides Plato and of course thefather of metaphysics Aristotle The history of metaphysics goes
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