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Nuclear WasterNuclear waste disposal is the way of transporting nuclear high-level waste and fuelrods from a nuclear power production facility and safely isolating them from the environmentas much as possible Many theories abound as how to achieve this yet as of today there isno permanent storage facility in the United States licensed to take in this dangerousbyproduct-- even after 50 years of power production through nuclear fission The first nuclear waste was produced by the military during the Manhattan Project in the1940s The military undertook this project to produce the first nuclear weapons for useduring World War Two During the beginning of the Cold War the military continued to produce and stockpilenuclear weapons creating a huge amount of radioactive waste By 1957 the first commercialnuclear reactor for electricity production was finished Finally in 1982 under strongnuclear industry and public pressures the US Congress passed a comprehensive group of laws These laws were collectively known as the Nuclear Waste Policy Act of 1982 as amended orNWPA The NWPA provided states with a limited veto to eliminate nuclear waste from beingplaced in their state and provided the same privilege to Native Americans on theirreservations Other provisions of the NWPA also set up the Nuclear Waste Fund that cost theend consumer 001 per kilowatt hour for those served by nuclear energy This fund wassupposed to provide the nuclear industry and government with enough money to build apermanent disposal site The government also set up subsidies for nuclear power It alsoauthorized the Department of Energy DOE to conduct research for onsite-dry-storagetechnology for isolating spent fuel This will be covered more later in the paper Itgave the DOE money to display and build prototypes for the above technologies and endorseda federal mid-range storage facility the Monitored Retrievable Storage System MRS thistoo will be covered later in the paper The NWPA ordered the DOE to take title and responsibility for all nuclear waste
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