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Word Count: 499
In Opinions and Social Pressure Asch describes an to find out the effects of group pressure First Asch and his colleagues collect a group of seven to nine young men all college students and assembles them in a classroom The experimenter then explains to them that they will be visually comparing the lengths of three lines He then shows the group two cards one with a single vertical line and the other with three vertical lines on it The length of the three lines differ from three-quarters of an inch too an inch and three quarters there is one that is the same as the other card The young men are to choose the lines that match each other from the two different cards Then the young men state their answers in the order they have been placed in the room This then happens another seventeen times for a total of eighteen times that the group must choose The first two rounds go by with everyone agreeing then on the third trial the subject near the end of the group disagrees with the rest of the class On the following trial he disagrees again Asch and his colleagues describe the person as becoming more worried and hesitant as the experiment continues and he may do things like pause before he speaks or speak in a low voice According to the author 338 The subject does not know that the rest of the group has been instructed by the experimenters to purposely give the wrong answer six out of the eighteen times Asch and his colleagues placed a total of one hundred and twenty three college males in the experimental situation Under ordinary circumstances Asch had found that a wrong answer is given less then one percent of the time Under these circumstances however 368 percent chose the wrong answer According to the author 339 Then Asch decided to modify his experiment he increased
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