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Otosclerosis is a disease of the middle ear that slowly forms abnormal spongy bone The disease results in a conductive hearing loss that may spread to the inner ear resulting in a sensorineural hearing loss Otosclerosis may be caused by infection or a jarring blow to the head The sound entering the ear cannot travel across the ossicular chain to the inner ear This process occurs so gradually that the person with it often does not know that they have it until someone else calls it to attention Many people consciously and unconsciously learn to lip read Signs of a hearing loss may be an inability to hear when someone turns around or asking people to repeat themselves With otosclerosis a patient may have a conductive hearing loss in one or both ears A specific sign of otosclerosis may be tinnitus Tinnitus are a disorder where noises in the ear are perceived In half the cases of Otosclerosis tinnitus will disappear if treated with surgery There are many options to treat otosclerosis Those where it only affects one ear may adapt though it may be a bit stressful Some may choose to have a hearing aid fitted Those people usually have health problems old or young age or concerns with surgery Most people with good health will choose surgery This surgery is called a stapedectomy which is the removal of the stapes bone The bone is replaced with another material which is quite tiny Patients may return home the same day or stay over night in the hospital Local or general anesthesia can be 2 used Between two and three weeks after surgery a patients hearing may be muffled when he yawns he may hear pops and crackles This is due to some blood that may have collected around the prothesis Soon after this the fluid and hearing will be clear After the first surgical procedure 95 of patients have
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