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Word Count: 535
Peter Sculthorpes Port Essington String Techniques Variation Form One of the main differences between Peter Sculthorpes compositions and that of other composers is that he uses a variety of string techniques to create different sounds throughout his music He uses a mixture of string techniques in Port Essington to represent the harsh Australian climate He has created different notation to represent these new techniques A list of the notation and how the sound is played follows- It is played between the bridge and tailpiece It sounds like a harmonic Any very high note Gliss upwards from any very high note Gliss downwards from any very high note Rub bow along strings Give a very soft whispering sound Quarter tone trill Sound is produces by creating a very slow and wide vibrato Is another example of harmonics The sound is produced by lightly touching the string with your left finger and bow while moving your left hand Another piece of music notation that Peter Sculthorpe incorporates in his compositions is the word liberamente It means freely dont play in time with your neighbours When a piece of music is composed the theme is usually borrowed from another piece The reason we do not pick it easily by ear is that it has been altered in some way This includes other notes being added the rhythm is changed crotchets minims etc or the key changed In the case of Port Essington the theme is an Aboriginal tune called Djillie The tune was collected by Prof AP Elkin This tune is varied throughout the piece in each movement In movement six the melody played by violin 1 is closest to the original tune The theme variations are as follows in each movement- Movement 1- In a Peter Sculthorpe style a variation of the theme is played three times The rhythm is tied which therefore
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