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Word Count: 829
The most important thing to photography is light The camera is a precise instrument for capturing light The word camera in Latin means room The name camera comes from the first invention towards capturing the world on film the camera obscura or dark room This invention came about in the 14th century and was used by such artists as Da Vinci and Michelangelo to more accurately draw their subjects onto paper The invention of this box made way for more advancements in cameras and photography There are five essential items in cameras that make photography possible They are exposure refraction plane of focus angle of view and aperture Exposure is the amount of time a camera lets film be exposed to light Refraction is the bending of light through the lenses of a camera Plane of focus is the area where light reforms an image in the film Angle of view is the angle created on a lens when you take the two most outer points you can see through a lens and diverge them to the exact center of the lens The angle created will be the angle at which the camera can take pictures at Aperture is the amount of light a lens allows into the camera The camera obscura as mentioned previously was a large box or even a whole room There would be a small hole in one side where light could enter It would be pitch black inside the box except for where the light shined though the hole An artist would sit inside the box while the subject would sit between the hole and the light source As light would travel through the hole the hole would act as a lens The artist could then trace the subject with greater accuracy than if done freehand This also helped perspective come more easily to the artist
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