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Word Count: 1,610
Plato creates a dialogue in the Critobetween Socrates who faces a death sentence and Crito Socrates distressed friend Crito has come to persuade Socratesto escape death and flee Athens but Socratesconvinces his friend that complying with the death sentence is more important than any of Critos concerns Plato uses this dialogue to introduce his views on justice and the relationship between citizens and the laws of their state Because these are the most philosophically important arguments in the dialogue I will focus on thosearguments which address justice and the state I will also discuss Socrates concern that exile would lead to a painful afterlife Socrateshas three arguments for remaining in Athens and facing death First he believes that he will be received in Hades warmly if he abides by Athens law Second Socratesargues that he has made a tacit agreement with the laws of Athens that he cannot justly break Finally he states that it is wrongto retaliate against thosewho have done you wrong and thus it would be wrongto retaliate againstAthens by escaping Concerned with making the best and most rational choice Socratesis notaffected by peoples opinion of his actions for why should we care so much for what the majority think Crito44c3 Using Socrates own standards for making a good and rational decision I argue that contrary to what he says it would not harmthe state if Socratesescaped I begin by arguing that Platos conception of the state actually leads to the conclusion that Socratesdid notenter into a just agreement with Athens Therefore Socratesis under no obligation to keep his tacit agreement with the state Finally I argue that the notion of retaliation is notapplicable to Socrates situation Because Socrateswill notbe committing an injustice by leaving Athens he will notbe shunned in the afterworld for this decision4 I Socrates Arguments 5 Crito pleads with Socrates notto accept suicide because death is an evil thing How could Socrateschoose to dosomething evil Socratesanswers with a
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