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Plato was a philosopher in the time of the distinguished Greek philosophers He wrote a book entitled The Republic in which he explains some of his philosophy on subjects ranging from education to government The Republic discusses the nature of justice and the institutions of society In some ways it is idealistic in that it describes Platos ideal society But it also deals with human knowledge the purpose and composition of education and the nature of science The principle of justice is the main theme of The Republic Plato makes a connection between the principle of justice and his Theory of Forms in The Republic When talking about the Ideal State Plato is saying that one should never act without knowledge So if one wished to build a just city they should only do so after they have understood the meaning of justice But they cannot achieve an understanding of true justice until they have grasped the Form of Justice itself Plato refers to his Theory of Forms throughout the dialogue as it plays a major role in understanding his views of an Ideal State Socrates is the main character and Plato uses Socrates as to voice his own opinions about his Ideal State Through a series of questions Socrates attempts to help his companions discover their own ignorance since the starting point of philosophy is the realization that you do not have knowledge Socrates is always at the center of the discussion and is often contemptuous and ironical but he never strays from the importance of the subject being discussed Socrates first states that justice is a good character He then seeks agreement that no excellence is achieved through destructive means The function of justice is to improve human nature which is inherently constructive Therefore at a minimum justice is a form of goodness that cannot be involved in injuring someones character Justice in short is a virtue a human excellence His next point
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