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Key TermsPolitical Geography State an area organized into a political unit and ruled by an established government that has full sovereignty over its internal and foreign afffairs Examples are Monaco Korea and Singapore Nation a self-defined population who shares a sense of common origin and a belief in a common political destiny Examples include the Americas Poles and Kurds Nation-state state in which the population shares a common nationality heritage and their culture is homogeneous Examples include France Japan and Italy Nationalism identification with a particular culture manifested in use of icons or symbols A strong emotional attachment to a nation Examples include flags anthems and The Statue of Liberty Multinational states contains two or more ethnic or national groups with traditions of self-determination that agree and coexist peacefully by recognizing each other as distinct nations Examples include Canada Switzerland and Belgium Balkanization used to describe a small geographic area that could not be successfully organized into one or more stable states because it was or is inhabited by multiple ethnic groupsnationalities with complex antagonisms toward each other Examples include Yugoslavia and the Middle East Unitary state it places the most power in the central government It works best in a nation state with few internal cultural differences with a strong sense of nationalism Also present through domination Examples include China Iceland and Cuba Federal state this allocates strong power to units of local government within the country This is useful when a large state and national capital remote or where multinational population tends to reduce core vs periphery tensions and separatist movements although it could also reinforce ethnocentrism Examples include the United States Switzerland and Australia ------------------------------------------------------------------------ Bibliography
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