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Note the following has been abstracted from the Grolier Encyclopedia Postimpressionism Postimpressionism is an art-historical term coined 1910 by British art critic Roger Fry to describe the various styles of painting that flourished in France during the period from about 1880 to about 1910 Generally the term is used as a convenient chronological umbrella covering the generation of artists who sought new forms of expression in the wake of the pictorial revolution wrought by Impressionism Among the principal figures in this group were Pierre Bonnard Paul Cezanne Paul Gauguin Odilon Redon Georges Seurat Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec and Vincent can Gogh Although their individual styles differed profoundly all of these artists moved away from the aesthetic program of impressionism and in particular from the impressionists emphasis on depicting a narrow spectrum of visual reality It would be a mistake to view the postimpressionists as simply rejecting their impressionist heritage rather they accepted the revolutionary impact of impressionism and went on to explore new aesthetic ideas many of which grew out of concepts implicit in impressionism Another connecting link between most of the postimpressionists--with the notable exception of Cezanne--was a common emphasis on surface pattern a trait that led many contemporary critics to use the term decorative to describe postimpressionist pictures Aside from a general dissatisfaction with impressionism and a widely shared interest in surface pattern however the postimpressionists displayed few stylistic or thematic similarities Cezanne had belonged to the impressionist movement but he withdrew 1878 from it because he wanted to create a style that he described as more solid and durable Working in isolation in Aix-en-Provence during the 1880s and 90s he evolved a new concept of space that was of fundamental importance to 20th-century painting This highly individual art which was to be greatly admired by the next generation of painters laid the groundwork for the creation of Cubism by Pablo Picasso and Georges Braque The
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