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Premature babies otherwise known as preterm babies or preemies are babies that are born earlier than the full-term of thirty-eight to forty-two weeks of pregnancy These babies are generally born between the twentieth and thirty-eighth week Almost 250000 babies nearly seven percent of newborns are prematureGolant 4 Prematurity even with all the advances in technology is still a major cause of fetal and neonatal death Actually around seventy-five percent of perinatal deaths are due to a number of problems associated with prematurityFreeman 232 Premature babies are very weak and defenseless and need to be hospitalized One reason for this is that a baby may become startled into shock by a loud sound or even bright light This occurs because many babies have fully-developed senses and underdeveloped organs which may become a problem since the brain may not be developed well enough to be able to distinguish these different senses which causes the baby to panic and lose control of its actions The main underdeveloped parts of a premature baby are its organs chiefly the lungs and the brain The lungs are developed in the last few weeks of pregnancy and if the child is born before the thirty sixth week heshe may require some special attention Usually the child is monitored closely for the first few weeks of its life in order to make sure there is no problems with the breathing or any other function of its body The premature baby will probably need supplemental oxygen to help it through the early stages but rarely will it need an actual respirator or other life-supporting device on a full- time twenty four hour basis In fact giving the baby too much oxygen may complicate problems such as damages to the eyes This is caused by a over-abundance of oxygen in the blood stream which in turn causes the blood vessels of the eye to expand damaging the eye This problem is one
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