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Word Count: 1,184
The schedulng of hours of work is undoubtedly one of the major social problems of industrial society Statistics estimates that 30 of Canadas workforce are involved in some kinds of shiftwork Of those 33 work irregular shifts just under 30 work rotating shifts 17 work long term evening shifts 10 work on call 3 work split shifts 3 work long term night shifts and just over 3 are classed as other Present estimates tell us that before the trend slows fully 35 of the workforce will work some type of shiftwork Siroonian 123 Companies are feeling the need to maximize their efficiency by spreading their operating costs over 24 hours Working other than the standard dayshift can cause many problems for the worker It can affect the workers health and safety and the relationships with ones family and the community Carpentier 14 In this essay I will discuss about the impact of shiftwork on humans and make some suggestions of how to alleviate some negative aspect of it On one hand shiftwork enhances economic advantages Maurice 13 Adoption of shiftwork may result in a reduction in unemployment or may provide work for those potentially unemployed Perlow 46 In some cases the choice may be between shift work and no work at all In addition shiftwork can enable full use of capital goods James Walker suggests that from the point of view of the economy as a whole the introduction of shift work by reducing the stock of capital required to produce a given output can encourage the entry of new firms into an industry and thus makes the economy more competitive Walker 81 However despite the economy advantages we must take human costs into account too Shiftwork has side effect on worker in the physiological aspect The most common short-term ailment is a stomach or gastro-intestinal problem One study found shiftworkers had twice as high a rate of ulcers as day workers did
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