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Racial Cases There are many court cases discriminating towards African Americans that have occurred throughout the United States history Many of these cases had a major impact on the daily lives of blacks and brought the civil right movement to a start One of these cases were Dred Scott v Sandford Dred Scott was a slave in Missouri From 1833 to 1843 Scott lived in Illinois which is a free state and in an area of the Louisiana Territory where slavery was forbidden by the Missouri Compromise of 1820 After returning to Missouri Scott sued unsuccessfully in the Missouri courts for his freedom claiming that his residence in free territory made him a free man Scott then brought a new suit in federal court Scotts master maintained that no pureblooded Negro of African descent and the descendants of slaves could be a citizen in a sense of article III of the constitution After being tried in Missouri Sate courts and in a federal circuit court this case went before the US Supreme Court in 1856 The following year the court rejected Scotts claim Speaking for the court Chief Justice Taney concluded that blacks even when free could never become citizens of the United States and did not have a right to sue in federal courts Taney also declared that Congress lacked the power to prohibit slavery in federal territories a ruling that invalidated the part of the Missouri Compromise that banned slavery in the western territories Plessy v Ferguson case of 1896 is a case in which the Supreme Court of the United States held the legality of racial segregation At the time of the ruling segregation between blacks and whites already existed in most schools restaurants and other public facilities in the American South In the Court decision the Supreme Court ruled that such segregation did not violate the 14th Amendment of the Constitution of the United States This amendment ratified in
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