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Before 1960 reminiscence was seen as a symptom or cause of mental deterioration and was actively discouraged by carers of older people Buchanan Middleton 1994 However in recent years the value of reminiscence has begun to be understood In this essay I will be looking at how Reminiscence therapy affects the elderly Firstly I will talk about reminiscence and explain in brief what it is Then by using the literature I will explore what preparations would need to be made to run a reminiscence session and what skills would be required Using relevant course materials and information I shall explain the advantages and possible difficulties of doing reminiscence work in a day centre Reminiscence as a structured process of recalling memories is considered an effective nursing intervention for various groups of people particularly but not exclusively the elderly Jonsdottir 2001 It is an activity which is perceived as a normal and ordinary aspect of everyday life for example when someone is reminded of their past experiences whether it is during a school reunion or perhaps when a young child is helping their grandmother to spring clean and they stumble across some old photographs If the child asks questions about the photographs the grandmother has to reminisce to be able to tell the grandchild about them Some people need help to reminisce by professionals such as therapists for example They may need this help because they might have been isolated in a nursing home or they may have short term memory loss Reminiscence is usually carried out in small groups enabling introvert people to open up There are several advantages of using reminiscence therapy with older people First and most important the old person becomes less anxious cut off and confused and in linking to the past is more able to participate in the present When an elderly person suffers from loss either of a loved one or their
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