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Rene Descartes Meditations on the First Philosophy In Which the Existence of God and the Distinction Between mind and Body are Demonstrated Rene Descartes was an advocate of Dualism which is a philosophy that states that the world is made up of two elemental categories that are incompatible such as mind and body which always exist separately He wrote his Meditations with two central issues in mind Proving the existence of God and proving the immortality of the soul through natural reason The Meditations are divided into six separate sections that focus on different parts of Descartes argument The first Meditation focuses on the concept of true beliefs Descartes sets out to determine what is true by doubting everything that he know or has learned to the point of writing the Meditations His main suspicion of knowledge is that which is gained via sensory input empirical He created a systematic doubting experiment where sensory information is questioned for several reasons in search of undeniable truths Through this experiment he discerns between primary and secondary qualities of things Primary objects objects of senses exist in the mind For example an apple tastes sweet looks red and smells fruity These qualities do not exist in the physical world but are manifestations of the mind Secondary objects objects of mathematics existence in space and have physical qualities eg an apple is round and is singular Descartes continues the first Meditation as he investigates God as a deceiver He poses that God may possibly be tricking his mind to perceive what does not exist He refutes this however based on the concept that infinite goodness must exist in God as a necessary attribute of God To further rectify any deception with Christianity he postulates the existence of the evil genius The second Meditation focuses on the mind and the fact that it is easier to prove the existence of than is the body Descartes understands that he
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