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Samuel P Huntingtons The Clash of Civilizations suggests that world politics is entering a new phase It is his hypothesis that the fundamental source of conflict in the New World will not be primarily ideological or primarily economic Huntington believes that the great divisions amongst humankind and the dominating source of conflict will be in the cultural form Nation states will still remain the most powerful actors in world affairs but the principal conflicts of global politics will occur between nations and groups of different civilizations Huntington states The clash of civilizations will dominate global politics The fault lines between civilizations will be the battle lines of the future Huntington suggests that the old groupings of the Cold War are no longer relevant First Second and Third Worlds He proposes a new grouping of countries not in terms of their political or economic systems or in terms of their level of economic development but rather in terms of their culture and civilization Huntington defines civilizations as a cultural entity Villages regions ethnic groups nationalities and religious groups all with distinct cultures at different levels of cultural diversity A civilization is thus the highest cultural grouping of people and the broadest level of cultural identity people have short of that which distinguishes humans from other species It is identified both by common objective elements such as language history religion customs institutions and by the subjective self-identification of people However of all the objective elements which define civilizations the most important he states is religion The major civilizations in human history have been closely identified with the worlds greatest religions and people who share ethnicity and language but differ in religion may slaughter each other as happened in Lebanon the former Yugoslavia and the Subcontinent The Clash of Rights categorizes the major contemporary civilizations as follows Sinic a distinct Chinese civilization Japanese a distinct civilization which was the offspring of Chinese civilization Hindu the core of Indian
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