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Single-member Districts and Proportional Representation There are two major types of electoral systems that nation states use to elect people into their government The two types are single-member districts and proportional representation No matter which one is used they both are supposed to represent what the people want however they are two systems that are very distinguishable from one another In single-member districts a nation is divided into a large number of districts and the people in each district vote within their own There is only one seat for each district The candidate who receives the most votes in that district wins the seat sometimes known as a winner take all race Usually the party platform in these districts usually are fairly moderate In proportional representation the nation is made up of a smaller number of larger districts and is proportional to the number of people in that nation In the electoral process of a proportional representation system if a party had a certain percentage of votes they would get that amount of seats in their district Compared to a single-member district if the percents of the votes were two to one in the single-member the winner would take all but in the Proportional system the votes would be divided into that ratio These two systems are supposed to accomplish the peoples opinion It accomplishes this by putting in the people in office that the electorate want and these persons will represent them and their ideas These systems are supposed to have the people represent their government These systems are not neutral because they do accomplish things One thing that they accomplish is getting the candidates the people want in office They accomplish this by voting and in the single-member districts the majority rules and in proportional representation it is all divided equally An example is next years elections for the United States house of representatives It is a single
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