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Page One Sleep is a biological function that remains a mystery Diagnosing sleep disturbance and its cause is the most important step in restoring healthy sleep but there is little agreement even among experts on the best methods for effectively assessing a patients sleep disorder The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders DSM groups sleep disorders into two major categories Dyssomnias and Parasomnias Problems with sleep are diagnosed at a Sleep Disorder Center One of the major categories of sleep disorders from the DSM is Dyssomnias They are characterized by disturbances in the amount quality and timing of sleep Dyssomnias are divided into five separate categories Insomnia Primary Hypersomnia Narcolepsy Breathing Related Sleep Disorder and Circadian Rhythm Sleep Greene p369 Insomnia derives from the Latin in meaning not or without and somnus meaning sleep Greene p369 Occasional bouts of insomnia are normal especially during times of stress Symptoms of insomnia include inability to fall asleep or stay asleep at night waking up earlier than usual and daytime fatigue httpwwwcontenthealthmsncom Nine to fifteen percent of adults complain of chronic fatigue Insomnia affects more older than younger people and more women than men Greene p369 Primary Insomnia is chronic insomnia that cannot be accounted for by another psychological or physical disorder Prevalence of primary insomnia is unknown but it is considered the most common form of sleep disturbance Greene p369 Page Two Primary Hypersomnia Greek hyper meaning over or more than normal and Latin somnus meaning sleep Greene p369 It involves a pattern of excessive sleepiness during the day that continues for a period of a month or longer Hypersomnia may be caused by physical illness medications withdrawal from stimulants or other psychological disorders httpwwwfindarticlescom Narcolepsy Greek narke meaning stupor and lepsis meaning an attack is when you fall asleep without warning at various times during the day Greene p369 Symptoms of narcolepsy are excessive sleepiness during the
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