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Defending Materialism Dualism means the complete separation of the mental world and the physical world In philosophy it is the theory that the world is explicable only as a world composed of two distinct and mutually exclusive factors the mind and the body Socrates and Plato are called dualists because they think that mind and body are separate and distinct substances Mind is conscious and non-spatial and body is spatial but not conscious While separate the two supposedly interact Socrates argues that the mind and body are separable and the soul is immortal It is through the mouth of Socrates that Plato presents his argument for dualism The argument contains three parts First the harmony analogy is inconsistent with the recollection argument Next the harmony analogy entails that all souls are equally virtuous Lastly the harmony analogy cannot account for the fact that the soul can resist the bodys temptations and can control the bodys behavior Materialism on the other hand is a way that people consider the relations between mind and matter to be inseparable We are physical beings and our mental reactions are just by-products of a material process the human being is not nor has a non-material aspect but is a purely physical entity Materialists believe that the human soul cannot exist because the soul is something mental and when the body dies the brain fails to survive as well and our concept of soul no longer exists I believe that materialism can be defended and Socrates three objections can be disproved using Simmias argument of harmony Simmias harmony analogy uses harmony lyre and strings to defend materialism Simmias replies to Socrates a harmony is something invisible without body beautiful and divine in the attuned lyre whereas the lyre and itself and its strings are physical bodily composite earthly and akin to what is mortal Then if someone breaks the lyre cuts or breaks the strings and then insists using
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