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Word Count: 1,726
The Apology is Socrates defense at his trial As the dialogue begins Socrates notes that his accusers have cautioned the jury against Socrateseloquence according to Socrates the difference between him and his accusers is that Socrates speaks the truth Socrates distinguished two groups of accusers the earlier and the later accusers The earlier group is the hardest to defend against since they do not appear in court He is all so accused of being a Sophist that he is a teacher and takes money for his teaching He attempts to explain why he has attracted such a reputation The oracle was asked if anyone was wiser than Socrates was The answer was no there was no man wiser Socrates cannot believe this oracle so he sets out to disprove it by finding someone who is wiser He goes to a politician who is thought wise by him self and others Socrates does not think this man to be wise and tells him so As a consequence the politician hated Socrates as did others who heard the questioning I am better off because while he knows nothing but thinks that he knows I neither know nor think that I know Socrates He questioned politicians poets and artisans He finds that the poets do not write from wisdom but by genius and inspiration Meletus charges Socrates with being a doer of evil and corrupter of the youth and he does not believe in the gods of the State and has other new divinities of his own In his examination of Meletus Socrates makes three main points 1 Meletus has accused Socrates of being the only corrupter while everyone else improves the youth Socrates then uses an analogy a horse trainer is to horses as an improver is to the youth The point is that there is only one improver not many 2 If Socrates corrupts the youth either it is intentional or unintentional No one would corrupt
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