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Word Count: 494
In the 1860s the United States of America underwent a change in economy The US economy was no longer agriculture based but rather manufacture based This shift in economy not only marks the beginning of the Industrial revolution but also the establishment of the middleclass This shift in economy was unavoidable as Americas urban population surpassed its rural population Many Americans adopted an enthusiastic attitude towards technology The rapid change in technology excited many but with any change the skeptics soon followed This is illustrated in many of the technological advances and the various social and political concerns of the time The US Industrial revolution established the United States of America as an economic power The British were shook by US progress Americans began to expect change and anticipate new technology Before one can understand why this enthusiasm for technology was rampant in American culture one must first understand some of the reasons and influences for US industrialization and technological advancement In 1865 the North wins the Civil War The North promotes a Laissez Faire approach to government This hands off approach was justified by Social Darwinism The Morrill tariff was then placed in effect This tax on imports encouraged Americans to purchase American goods Promoting education and achievement the Morrill act was created This act provided government funding to states and territories to set up universities The National Banking act established a safe environment for businesses to invest This promoted the use of a federal bank rather than individual state banks A common currency using a gold standard was also established In 1869 the east and the west are joined together by railroad In the 1870s the government gave land to the railroad With the subsidized land the railroad then gave the land to people in exchange for business In 1886 the 14th Amendment that states No state may enforce any law that will deprive any person of life liberty or property without due
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