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Word Count: 1,562
The agency of Job and Odysseus is controlled by God and the gods Neither Job nor Odysseus have agency when the gods are against them The relationship between the divine and human agency is a well-established one in both the ancient Hebrew and ancient Greek cultures Many acts that could be attributed to human agency are often credited to gods especially human errors or misdeeds Humans try to forfeit a good deal of their agency to the gods willingly Nevertheless the gods have no reservations about revoking agency from humans Neither Job nor Odysseus had agency when a god was against them Job has no agency no participation in Gods decision to make him the object of a wager God does not give him the option to decline and he is presented with no opportunity in which he might refuse God outright He has no control over the duration or intensity of his suffering He is completely at the mercy of God There is nothing to give an indication of how much agency Job had before the wager However the arguments Job makes in chapter three through thirty-seven suggest some agency especially in his questioning of God Does it seem good to thee to oppress to despise the work of thy hands and favor the designs of the wicked Are thy days as the days of man or thy years as mans years that thou dost seek out my iniquity and search for my sin although thou knowest that I am not guilty and there is none to deliver out of thy hand Job chapter 10 verses 3 5-7 We will assume Job has as much agency as one could who was blameless and upright one who feared God and turned away from evil Job chapter 1 verse 1 The events that destroy Jobs property and children seem to be agency limiting by their very nature To Job the entire chain of incidents
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