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This essay conains American party systems from the end of George Washingtons first term as president through the Civil War Included are the creations the building up of and sometimes the break down of the various parties As well as the belief in which the parties stood for The Origins of the Democratic Party In colonial politics tended to organize and electioneer in opposition to the policies of royal mercantile banking manufacturing and shipping interests Agrarian interests later become a principal source of support for the Democratic Party Many of the colonies had so-called Country parties opposing the Court parties in the 18th century Before the end of the first administration of George Washington in 1793 party alignments of national consequence began to form Secretary of the Treasury Alexander Hamilton was the master politician of the Federalist Party Secretary of State Thomas Jefferson with help from his fellow Virginian Representative James Madison began the first respectable opposition in national affairs They were called the Democratic-Republican Party also known as the Jeffersonians Jefferson spoke about the interests of farmers veterans and urban immigrants and was in favor of minimum government maximum liberty alliance with France and easy credit for debtors In 1792 he and Madison allied with New Yorks Governor George Clinton creating the first political coalition between Northern and Southern politicians After Jeffersons reelection of 1804 Federalist strength tended to decline everywhere except in New England The majority of practicing politicians mostly those in the new states of the West called themselves Jeffersonians New issues associated with the economic development of the West and the growing number of urban workers in the East demanded attention The administrations 1817-25 of James Monroe were referred to as the Era of Good Feelings meaning that there were no real party divisions in fact the Jeffersonians dominated the period This situation ended with a split among the Democratic- Republicans in 1824 Democratic
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