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Word Count: 989
After the American Revolution the Americans aspired to create a lasting regime with a new type of government The departure of the conservative Tory faction left the political system to run its course and to innovate new forms of government Patriots had fought the war completely disunited After the war the thirteen sovereign states were basically alike in governmental structure and had similar constitutions Americans had a political inheritance derived partly from England and party from their own devices for self-government America had strong political leaders including George WashingtonJames Madison John Adams Thomas Jefferson and Alexander Hamilton The Second Continental Congress the Constitutional Convention and the Articles of Confederation contributed to the shaping of todays Constitution of the United States The Second Continental Congress had no constitutional authority and was only able to assert a limited amount of control over military affairs and foreign policy Shortly before the Declaration of Independence was signed in 1776 the Congress appointed a committee to draft a written constitution for the new nation This first constitution was called the Articles of Confederation The Articles of Confederation provided a tentative confederation for the thirteen states There were probably more failures than successes with this first Constitution Congress inefficiently dominated the government with no executive branch and no official judicial branch Each state had a single vote the small states had the same representation as the larger ones All bills dealing with specific issues required at least a two-thirds vote Any amendment of the Articles themselves required a unanimous vote Congress was purposely designed to be very weak The states having just won control over taxation and commerce from Britain did not want to have to submit their new privileges to a parliament American or not Congress had no power to regulate commerce causing the states to establish new laws regarding tariffs and navigation often conflicting with each other Congress could not enforce tax-collection either It established a tax quota
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