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Ancient Greek art can be divided into a number of different periods roughly paralleling the eras in Greek history including the Metal Age cultures Cyclades Minoan and Mycenaean the Geometric Period the Archaic Period the Classical Period the Hellenistic Period and the Byzantine period These divisions are important they represent major periods of artistic development and clearly distinguish various artistic movements within Greek historical cultural The earliest Greek artist were concerned with pleasing their gods but in time they moved away from this and developed a bolder more expressive art Above all ancient Greek art placed a great emphasis on the human aspect of life and treated divine subject in terms of human behavior The earliest Greek societies which consisted of warrior tribes that spread primarily on the Peloponnese and Crete developed the craft of metalwork The early Bronze Age Cycladic Civilization though originally derived from Asia Minor has followed a clear local line of development It evolved and spread to become Aegean Civilization Many sculptures remain from this period The Minoans who flourished on the island of Crete from 2500 to 1400 BC built grand palaces such as the Minoan Palace but all were destroyed by the Thera cataclysms in 1450 BC The Mycenaeans whose culture dominated mainland Greece from 1600 to 1100 BC were fond of monumental sculpture One of the best examples is the Lion Gate at Mycenae a magnificent structure that has been remarkably well-preserved The Geometric Period 900-700 BC named from a style of pottery that emerges at this time fostered the development of now artistic techniques and styles and greater freedom of expression in sculpture and painting The city-states that existed during the Geometric Period promoted the works of painters sculptors and architects The most prevalent form of architecture was the one-room temple The Archaic Period 800-550 BC marked an important transition from the simple architectural forms of the Geometric Period to the more elaborate forms the Doric a
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