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Aristotle once stated in Metaphysics that All men by nature desire Knowledge If one accepts the claim that knowledge is power then it will be logical to assert that all people want power The person or persons that have knowledge also acquire the power of that knowledge In Michel Foucaults Discipline and Punish he clearly shows the power-knowledge relationship that is prevalent in society both on the large and small scale and how these affect society as a whole Whereas Sigmund Freud who has mastered the discipline of psychotherapy which he uses to help others without this knowledge clearly demonstrates the power of knowledge In Sigmund Freuds Studies on Hysteria there are studies which show this use of power-knowledge to unlock problems in their mind creating the hysteria for which they suffer These two authors use their power of knowledge in much the same way by bringing to light the problems that confront the individual However they both would have a different point of view on the use of this power In Discipline and Punish Foucault looks to shock the reader and get the attention of the reader immediately with his depiction of torture and death at the outset This has a compelling effect and different uses of power The first one being evident that is the physical power The other form of power is not so evident It is the effect of this power on the mind of the individual The punishment and extraction of information has gone from being a very physical and public ritual and evolving later to a private ceremony hidden behind walls and consisting of mental torture The individual wants to feel that punishment is carried out in some moral way However this way is not moral but simply a veil from societys view This way one can pretend it is not going on This book is intended as a correlative history of the modern
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