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Post Impressionism Art critics first used the term post-impressionistic in 1911 to loosely describe the work of a few artists whose paintings reflect Impressionistic principles but were created after the movement had lost favour in the late seventeenth century around 1885 Significant artists whose works have been defined in this category include Paul Czanne 1839-1906 Paul Gauguin 1848-1903 and Vincent van Gogh 1853-1890 Post-Impressionists these few in particular pushed Impressionist principles further than they had previously been explored Those styles and techniques valued in this period focus on the painting of personal impressions unlike earlier traditional painting and a freer and more innovative use of colour to convey the mood or emotional feeling derived from the subject as opposed to the fairly realistic if often pastel-like due to a desire to illuminate their work use of colour promoted by the Impressionists In order to understand Post-Impressionism the principles of the Impressionist movement have to be understood The background from which Impressionism sprung was a period of industrial progress and a vibrant social scene In Paris some artists explored new ways of expression and broke free from the established French painting traditions enforced by the Salon Artists took advantage of the contemporary scientific discoveries and industrialisation to improve the colour lifespan accessibility and general quality of the media eg The creation of smaller lightweight canvases for plein air painting artificial paint pigments and the invention of the collapsible metal paint tube in 1840 for easier transport The primary school or group of painters established in the Post-Impressionist movement was called the Nabis School or the Pont-Aven group after the France village where they were based Gauguin was a founding member of the school becoming the primary mentor of the group and others looked to him for guidance and motivation The members fundamentally promoted the principles of this movement as embodied in the works of Gauguin and van Gogh especially and as summarised
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