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Word Count: 1,627
The article Work and Play by Michael Oakeshott describes the many characteristics of the human being His main point is that the Homo ludens is the civilized one compared to Homo sapiens Oakeshott goes on to support his opinion by describing how the Homo sapiens are creatures of wants that have corrupted the idea of play Im going to examine Michael Oakeshotts view and compare and contrast it with the view from philosophers Aristotle and John Locke I do not agree with Michael Oakeshotts view because the human being characteristics cannot be simplified into two major categories laborers and ludens Michael Oakeshott says that humans are part of the Economy of Nature He says human beings have some characteristics that at least partly distinguishes them from the other components of this world He calls these characteristics sapiens meaning intelligence laborans worker and ludens player Oakeshott refers to Homo sapiens as human beings then are distinguished as creatures of wants because of the intelligence they are creatures that have needs to be satisfied and wants to be imagined Oakeshott says that human beings have gathered all the useful knowledge to take earths resources to satisfying our desires It is the great business and occupation of life as Oakeshott quotes from an eighteenth-century writer which makes Homo sapiens to Homo laborans a worker He states Over time there have been two beliefs that human beings have lived by The first one is that work is not only typical for mankind but was our proper attitude and occupation Oakeshott includes in his article a biblical argument connecting Original sin with divine curse to the Homo laborans The second belief is the optimism about success in the world Michael Oakeshotts statement is important because he believes that it only leads to wants might proliferate He compares his idea with Thomas Malthuss Law of Diminishing Returns Diminishing returns means the property whereby the benefit from an extra unit of an
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