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A short story is by definition an invented prose narrative shorter than a novel usually dealing with a few characters and aiming at unity of effect and often concentrating on the creation of mood rather than plot Merriam-Websters Collegiate Dictionary Short stories contain certain elements which consist of the following plot characters theme and setting Axelrod and Cooper The St Martins guide to writing 383 In addition the Short story is told from a specific point of view All the elements of a short story are used in a specific way in order to comment on a part of our lives as members in a collective society In order to have a story there must be a series of circumstances known as a plot A plot is a causal sequence of events the why for the things that happen in the story Literature httpwwwlearnerorgexhibitsliterature The plot brings the reader into the characters lives and gives the reader a better understanding of the character For example In Perkins the Yellow Wallpaper the plot of the story was a woman suffering from some type of mental illness while dealing with a possibly overbearing spouse A plots structure is the way in which the story elements are arranged Literature httpwwwlearnerorgexhibitsliterature Writers vary structure depending on the needs of the story Plot consists of exposition conflict complication climax and resolution Short stories always have all the plot elements in them 1 Exposition is the introductory information 2 Conflict is the introduction of the problem 3 Complication is the tension builder of the story 4 Climax is the highest point of action and is the turning point in the story 5 Resolution is the result of the story Denouement The next element to the short story to review is the Characters These are the people or things that the story is about All main characters have significance to the story These characters
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