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Toni Morrison The bluest eye and Sula Essay submitted by Eric Penrod African- American folklore is arguably the basis for most African- American literature In a country where as late as the 1860s there were laws prohibiting the teaching of slaves it was necessary for the oral tradition to carry the values the group considered significant Transition by the word of mouth took the place of pamphlets poems and novels Themes such as the quest for freedom the nature of evil and the powerful verses the powerless became the themes of African- American literature In a book called Fiction and Folklore the novels of Toni Morrision author Trudier Harris explains that Early folk beliefs were so powerful a force in the lives of slaves that their masters sought to co-opt that power Slave masters used such beliefs in an attempt to control the behavior of their slavesHarris 2 Masters would place little black coffins outside the cabins of the slaves in a effort to restrain their movements at night they perpetuated ghost lore and created tales of horrible supernatural animals wondering the outsides of the plantation in order to frighten slaves from escape or trans-plantation visits Tales of slaves running to the north became legendary Oral tales of escapes and long journeys north through dangerous terrain were very common among every slave on every plantation Many of these tales seem to be similar to the universal tales and myths like The Odyssey or Gilgemish Slaves on every plantation were telling tales that would later be the groundwork for African-American literature African- American folklore has since been taken to new levels and forms Writers have adopted these themes and have fit them into contemporary times Most recently author Toni Morrison has taken the African- American folklore themes and adapted them to fictional literature in her novels Morrison comments on her use of the African-American oral tradition in an interview with Jane Bakerman The ability to
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