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Word Count: 1,474
In his book Mesmerism and the Enlightenment in France Robert Dranton attempts to explain the mentality of the pre-Revolution Frenchman He uses th etheory and expansions of Franz Anton Mesmer In his noble effort Dranton explains the frantic nature of the educated Frenchman at this time and since he has chosena specific eye to see through his intention is satisfied He also shows how the radical branches of mesmerism carried on long after the revolution and affected the thinking of many great men and women such as Victor Hugo and Henri de Balzac Dranton uses excerpts from the changes in the theory itself and the changes of the format in which it was used One of the characteristics of the primcipals of Mesmer was the complete transformation of the movement itself It went from the medical uses that MEsmer propsed and throughout time was used in politics religion and even to just fiy vertical movement of non-Aristocratic intellectual citizens When Anton Mesmer came to Paris he brought ideas of invisible fluid that flowed throughout our bodies When the harmony of these fluids was disturbed that is when people became ill He believed that through electricity baths and a trained mesmeris diseases and all other troubles could be cured He likened his animal electricity or animal magnatism to that of gravity fire light and electricity The system of complex theories put forth by Mesmer could be discussed at great lengths and in time they were His and many other scientific discoveries were all the rage in the salons of pre-Revolution Parisian society The Enlightenment brought about a surge in scientific interest and since the fluids than man intellectuals believed in were invisible it left every philosopher at the liberty to make it whatever he pleased 16 At the beginning of Mesmers career there was an explosion of scientific interest Experiments in hot air balloons flying and even walking on water
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