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THE BREAK-UP OF YUGOSLAVIA The Part Played by Serbia From the moment it was promulgated the Yugoslav Constitution of 1974 forced fierce opposition ftom Serbian nationalists of various political complexions - mainly on account of its confederal element especially the considerable degree of autonomy granted to Vojvodina and Kosovo A programme for the revocation of the 1974 Constitution and for the formation of a unitarian state was drawn up in the Serbian Academy of Arts and Sciences SANU It was they who in 1986 composed what has come to be called the Memorandum outlining a policy for the creation of Greater Serbia It clearly describes a plan for the political union of Serbs in Serbia and those outside the Serbian border and for the abolition of autonomy in Vojvodina and Kosovo As a political manifesto the Memorandum was a device for the destruction of Yugoslavia promoting as it did the idea of the total national and cultural integration of the Serbian people regardless of where they lived It envisaged all Serbs in one state whether it was called Greater Serbia or Yugoslavia This policy was a direct threat to all the non- Serbian peoples in Yugoslavia The Memorandum was a blueprint for the division and disintegration of the country The man who was to put the plan into practice emerged in the person of Slobodan Milosevic who became the leader of the Serbian Communist Nationalists at the eighth session of the Central Committee of the League of Communist of Serbia in 1987 With his arrival the policy of the Memorandum began to be put into practice As a first step a populist and nationalistic movement was started made up of members of the Serbian League of Communists various extreme nationalist groups intellectuals the Serbian Orthodox Church and the media It made use of mass meetings to bring pressure to bear on all those who opposed it or did not subscribe to its aims It
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