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The term appeasement is used to describe the response of Western European governments to the expansionist activities of Germany and Italy under Hitler and Mussolini in the 1930s Their attitude to give them what they wanted to prevent a war in Central Europe The underlying facts was the belief of British and French politicians that their publics would never risk a repetition of the horrors of World War I The British government believed in appeasement till the day there was no other solution than to go to war on Germany Appeasement ended on March 31 1939 in response to new German demands where Britain gave Poland a unilateral guarantee of its security but this was insufficient to deter Hitler from invading her on September 1 so precipitating World War II The first time appeasement was introduced as means of keeping the peace and quiet in Europe was Mussolinis conquest of Abyssinia 1934-1936 and Hitlers reoccupation of the Rhineland March 7 1936 When Hitler the annexed Austria in February and March 1938 no effective attempts were made to prevent this Anschluss from occurring Anschluss is a German word for union and was an slogan in the battle to unite Germany and Austria Clauses of the 1919 Treaty of Versailles expressly forbade Anschluss and was thus they one of the times Hitler neglected the Versailles Treaty On March 13 1938 invited by Seyss-Inquart to prevent disorder German troops and police flooded into Austria where no one resisted them in taking over Hitler entered Vienna on March 14 to proclaim Anschluss though to most observers the act looked more like straight annexation The British prime minister at this time was Neville Chamberlain elected first time May 1937 who described his policy without shame as active appeasement Faced with Hitlers next demand that Germany should acquire the fringes of Czechoslovakia in which 3500000 of the inhabitants spoke German Sudeten Germans Chamberlain went several times to meet
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