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The Campaign for North Africa The Battle of El Alamein Strategically and psychologically El Alamein ranks as a decisive battle of World War II It initiated the Axis decline The victory saved the Suez Canal was a curtain-raiser for the Anglo-American invasion of North Africa 4 days later and was a prelude to the debacle of Stalingrad Allied morale soared particularly in the British Empire proud to have at long last a victorious army and general Axis morale correspondingly dipped Hitlers order that Rommel should stand fast rescinded 48 hours later after the Desert Fox had already started to withdraw contributed to the ruin of Rommels army El Alamein appears to be nothing but an inconsequential village an insignificant waypoint across the barren desert landscape of North Africa Yet the seemingly irrelevant piece of land would come to witness the single greatest battle of the North African campaigna battle that ranks among the greatest of World War II The time is 1942- the past two years have seen the advance of Axis powers across North Africa Allied forces suffered loss after loss as the Germans and Italians pushed easterly towards the jewel of North Africa Egypt Egypt marked the gateway to the rich oil resources of the Middle Eastif Field Marshall Rommel Commander of Panzerarmee Afrika could destroy the Allied forces Egypt would be in Hitlers hands The oil resources of the Middle East were of particular importance to Hitler whose supplies were dwindling They were so desperate for oil that as well as influencing their tactical decisions the Germans were having to eke out their stockpile by producing fuel synthetically from coal If the Nazis could seize control of the great oil reservoirs of Iraq and Iran the balance could shift overnight Oil was not the only prize for an Axis victory however Conquering Egypt would separate Britains direct sea line to India Because the Suez Canal was so strategically important Japan victorious in
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