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The Categorical Imperative Formation of Universal Law and The Utilitarian Reaction Kantian philosophy outlines the Universal Law Formation of the Categorical Imperative as a two part test a method to determine the morality of an action Initially a maxim is created it is then considered whether this maxim can possibly be a universal law applicable to all rational beings This is arguably the most important part of the categorical imperative Secondly it is determined whether this maxim would be willed by rational beings to be a universal law If the maxim passes both parts of this test it is without exception a moral action For example if you are a paramedic faced with a saddened and confused widow who is asking whether her late husband suffered in his accidental death you have to determine the maxim and based on the test determine which action to perform to lie or not to lie Let us determine a maxim to be when answering a widows inquiry as to the nature and duration of her late husbands suffering one should always tell the truth regarding this lets name this maxim M1 If it passes both parts of the test then according to Kant M1 is a moral action This view is not shared by Utilitarians The Universal Law Formation of the Categorical Imperatives first part states that a maxim has to be applicable to all rational beings universally This M1 succeeds in passing It is not hard to imagine a world in which paramedics are truthful when questioned by widows A logical impossibility is not created as all can abide by this maxim bringing us to the logical next step the second part of the test The second part requires every rational being to accept this maxim to become a universal law and to test it you would have to decide whether a rational being would in every case believe telling the truth to be
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