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Causes of World War I World war I was the result of leaders aggression toward other countries which was supported by the rising nationalism of the European nation Economics and imperial competition and fear of war prompted military alliances and army race which further escalated the tension contributing to the outbreak of war The First World War was the irst war to use poison gas as a military weapon Germans also had the first submarines and used them to blockade Britain sinking British ship The sinking of the Lusitanian is a famous example of the submarine walfare during the world war I Nationalism and imperialism played a major roll in World War I At the settlement of congress of Vienna in 1815 the principles of nationalism were ignored in favor of preserving the peace Germany and Italy were left divided states but strong nationalist movements and revolutions led to the unification of Italy in 1861 and that of Germany in 1871 Another result of the France Prussian War of 1870-1871 was that France was left seething over the loss of Alsace- Lorraine to Germany and Revanche was a major goal of the French Nationalism posed a problem for Austria and the Balkans areas comprised of many conflicting national groups The ardent Pan Slavism Serbia and Russias willingness to support its Slavic brother conflict with Austria Pangermanism Brooks 2 Another factor which contributed to the increase in rivalry in Europe was imperialism Great Britain Germany and France needed foreign markets after the increase in manufacturing caused by the Industrial Revolution These countries completed for economic expansion in Africa Although Britain and France resolved their differences in Africa several crises foreshadowing the war involved the clash of Germany against Britain and France in North Africa In the Middle East the crumbling Ottoman Empire was alluring to Austria- Hungary the Balkan and Russia On October 1915 Ottoman Empire enters war on German side
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