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What is Fascism Fascism is a 20th century form of nationalistic militaristic totalitarian dictatorship that seeks to create a feasible society through strict regimentation of national and individual lives Total subordination to the service of the state and unquestioning loyalty to its leader would adjust conflicting interests It is a modern political ideology that looks to regenerate the social economic and cultural life of a country by basing it on a heightened sense of national belonging of ethnic identity Fascism rejects liberal ideas of freedom and individual rights it often presses for the destruction of elections legislatures and other elements of democracy Despite fascisms idealistic goals attempts to build fascist societies have led to wars and persecutions that have caused millions of deaths notably WWII and the Holocaust As a result fascism is strongly associated with right-wing fanaticism racism totalitarianism and violence Fascist movements oppose such doctrines as liberalism individualism materialism communism and conservatism In general fascists stand against all scientific economic religious academic cultural and leisure activities that do not serve their vision of a national political life Fascism emphasised nationalism but its appeal was international Fascist political parties and movements capitalised on the intense patriotism that emerged as a response to widespread social and political uncertainty after World War I 1914-1918 and the Russian Revolution of 1917 It flourished between the so called fascist era of 1919 and 1945 in many countries mainly Italy Germany Spain and Japan Even such liberal democracies as France and England had important fascist movements Scholars disagree over how to define the basic elements of fascism some even insist it was limited to Italy under Mussolini When the term is capitalised as Fascism it refers to the Italian movement Beginning in the 1970s some scholars began to develop a broad definition of fascism and by the 1990s many had embraced the new approach This new approach emphasises the way in which fascist movements attempt
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