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Word Count: 1,390
In the years preceding the birth of Christ many ancient cities flourished One particular city was the acropolis or city-state of Athens The city was ruled by the Council of Elders who appointed magistrates or archons who were responsible for the conduct of war religion and law In the 450s BC the Council of Elders elected a statesman named Pericles into power Pericles was eloquent wise and patriotic Pericles sought to enable all Athenian citizens to take active part in the first democratic government His foreign policy was expansionism and because of his tactics Athens became supreme Pericles used public funds to build the renowned Parthenon the temple of Nik the Erechteum and other great monuments These architectural advances made Athens the center of building in the known world Arts too became important Athens was in short becoming a center of culture as a result of the patronage of Pericles During the reign of Pericles Athens became the head of the Delian League The Delian League was the federation of city-states of ancient Greece founded in 478 BC whose purpose was to prepare against Persian invasion As the head of The Delian League of Greek city-state Athens was now the ruling power of the Greek city-states its courts tried cases from all over the Aegean Pericles had revolutionized Athens into a great city at the expense of other city-states A 28-year Golden Age of Athens begins in 457 BC The Athens had ruling power over all the Greek acropolis Athens and the inhabitants of it were prosperous and many outsiders were jealous The envy caused many city-states to attempt to overthrow Athens especially Sparta In 431 BC Spartan troops joined the Pelopennesian War against Athens They marched through the Greek countryside and wreaked havoc by destroying the grain fields olive trees vineyards and orchards that would not recover for decades after the war The people of Athens engaged in this war for
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