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Word Count: 363
In Babylonian society women were viewed as second-class citizens The Code of Hammurabi gave women false rights laid down for them by men only for the protection of men This gave Babylonian fathers husbands and brothers complete control over matters such as divorce inheritance and even violent crimes committed by men against women Men and women could divorce even in Babylonia yet only the woman would suffer from marital conclusion If a Babylonian woman divorced her husband by saying You shall not possess me she would be sent to live with her father CoH 142 pg13 Yet if a man divorced his wife he simply returned her marital portion CoH 138 pg13 The woman still returned to live with her father and the husband would remain in possession of all their household goods no matter who was in the wrong In the matter of inheritance a womans brothers held claim to their fathers goods unless the father left a deed for his daughter If the woman was a votary CoH 40 sub 5 pg9 she collected her portion until her death when it fell back to her brothers CoH 180 pg16 If she was not a votary she received nothing CoH 183 pg16 Violent acts of crime towards women held little or no punishment with accordance to the Code of Hammurabi When a man beat a pregnant woman killing her unborn child her assailant simply paid a fine and walked free CoH 211 pg17 If the victim was a free woman it meant the man responsible for her miscarriage paid a higher fine than if he had beaten a lower-class woman CoH 209 pg 17 The law further stated If that woman should die his daughter shall be killed CoH 210 pg 17 This particular law made the murders daughter held responsible for her fathers crime once again protecting the man Men throughout their lives undermined women in Babylonian society Although it is sometimes
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