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good essay excellent details CHILE In this project we are going to summarize the main points concerning the history of CHILE its independance and bring the country to present day CHILE We are also going to mention some important facts about CHILES economy I COLONIZATION PERIOD CHILE is a country located in the wester coast of South America on the Pacific Ocean It is known for the famous Andes Mountain Range that covers all of Peru and part of Chile CHILE was first discovered in 1520 by a Portuguese navigator named Ferdinand Magellan who sailed under the flag of Spain It was not until 1536 that CHILE was explored by a Spaniard named Diego de Almagro Almagro was an associate of Francisco Pizarro in the conquest of Peru In 1540 a conquistador named Pedro de Valdivia made a second expedition into CHILE He arrived in CHILE in 1541 and claimed the land under the crown of Spain He founded the city of Santiago in February of that year and appointed a Cabildo Council of Conquistadores to control local affairs II COLONIAL RULE In December of 1553 Valdivia set out for the fort of Concepcion to avenge the death of three soldiers after word had reached him that the Indians had murdered them He did not know the Indians had an ambush prepared for him Valdivia was captured and executed his entire army was also killed The Spaniards eventually dominated CHILE During this period CHILE was a Captaincy General of Spain and supposedly governed from Peru where Spain had a more important government because Peru was rich in Inca gold In reality because CHILE was farther away geographically local affairs were controlled by a governor who commanded the army and each town had its own Cabildo Council CHILE had plenty of wars The Indians refused to stay quiet Until the mid 1700s these wars against the Indians were payed for by
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