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In The Communist Manifesto Karl Marx and Frederick Engels present their view of human nature and the effect that the economic system and economic factors have on it Marx and Engels discuss human nature in the context of the economic factors which they see as driving history Freud in Civilization and Its Discontents explores human nature through his psychological view of the human mind Marx states that history is the history of class struggles 9 Marx views history as being determined by economics which for him is the source of class differences History is described in The Communist Manifesto as a series of conflicts between oppressing classes and oppressed classes According to this view of history massive changes occur in a society when new technological capabilities allow a portion of the oppressed class to destroy the power of the oppressing class Marx briefly traces the development of this through different periods mentioning some of the various oppressed and oppressing classes but points out that in earlier societies there were many gradations of social classes He also states that this class conflict sometimes leads to the common ruin of the contending classes Marx 9 Marx sees the modern age as being distinguished from earlier periods by the simplification and intensification of the class conflict He states that Society as a whole is more and more splitting up into two great hostile camps bourgeoisie and proletariat Marx 9 The bourgeoisie as the dominant class of capitalists subjugates the proletariat by using it as an object for the expansion of capital As capitalism progresses this subjugation reduces a larger portion of the population to the proletariat and society becomes more polarized According to Marx the polarization of society and the intense oppression of the proletariat will eventually lead to a revolution by the proletariat in which the control of the bourgeoisie will be destroyed The proletariat
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