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Word Count: 550
The French Revolution was essentially the pivotal culmination of a rising conflict between two opposing conceptions as to the source by which a governing state derived its authority During the late eighteenth century an ideology accentuating reason freedom and the sovereignty of the common man grew in direct opposition to the accepted dogmas of absolutism and divine right of the monarchy As illustrated within the three aforementioned quotes the divergent depth between these two philosophies of government created a void one which would ultimately lead to the French Revolution and alter the course of Western culture Within Robespieres quote one is able to observe the aspirations of the Bourgeoisie and peasant revolutionaries an ideal society of liberty and equality wherein one is as much a subject of the state as the state is a subject of thee This converging movement towards reasoning and justice grew from the theories of such revolutionary thinkers as Voltaire Rousseau and the Encyclopedists who presented a vision of a liberal community with equal rights and responsibilities wherein reason replaced the monarchs claim to divine right as the ultimate authority and where all men lived in a brotherhood It must be acknowledged that such influences as Frances severe financial difficulties and the resulting poverty peasant grievances with such abuses as the seigniorial system a weak and unstable monarchy under Louis XVI and the expense of supporting Washingtons army in the New World all attributed to the eventual revolt However it was this new ideology set upon equality justice and freedom an ideology further fueled by some of the ideas that French soldiers returned with from America that was the essential keystone which led to the Revolution In decisive contrast to this new enlightened movement stood the anciently entrenched regime of absolute monarchy as depicted within the Duke of Brunswicks aforementioned quote in regards to the kings legitimacy Claiming direct authority from God based upon belief in the divine right of kings
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