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General Information Born in 1788 and died in 1860 Fiercely anti-Helgian and pro-Kant Held an extreme contempt for women Main contribution is his doctrine of the will which hugely influenced Freuds work on the unconscious Wrote A Dialogue on Religion which closely parallels Freuds A Future of an Illusion Described Freud as A greater Christian there never was Also came up with the Negative Therapeutic Reaction which is when the patient tries to stop the cure Doctrine of the Will Also known as The World as Will and Representation The world we see through our eyes is just a representation of the true reality and these representations are the only things that can be explained by science These things and events are however only a representation and behind the appearance of this is the ultimate and true reality a driving force named the will The real world of the will is objectified or pictured or represented by the phenomena which we wrongly take to be real ourselves The nature of this metaphysical will or in other words the ultimate reality is fundamentally cruel and evil All we see is the world objectified by our five senses a filtered version of the true reality So as we cannot see the whole world only through these five senses and our perceptions of space time and causality which are all in our head Schopenhauer believed we could bridge this gap between the material and real world through philosophy Because we can only perceive objects through our five senses Schopenhauer reasons that the perceiving subject and the perceived object cannot be separated They exist only for each other and therefore existing only relatively Our bodies themselves are only a representation of the will and our actions are only a picture of the will Schopenhauer concludes by saying that the will has no ends or purpose it is just there The Will considered purely in itself is
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