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Summary The subject of corporal punishment among children is a controversial issue A vast amount of research has been performed to evaluate the effect of corporal punishment on children However rarely has the motivation to use corporal punishment been explored The studies included in this journal article focus on the parents and the outcomes they expect to get from different types of punishment Here the focus is on what the parent believes the immediate long term and emotional effects will be The parents of the study varied in their use of spanking and were divided into three groups depending on the frequency that they used spanking as a punishment The theoretical framework of the studies suggests that there is a correlation between a parents view of spanking and the frequency of spanking that parent employs The researchers hypothesize that Parents who report that they frequently spank will hold positive outcome expectancies about its use in contrast to the negative outcomes anticipated by those who do not spank We expected occasional spankers to fall in the middle Two studies were conducted The first examined the outcome expectancies of mothers of 36-month-old children Sixty-one mothers participated Of those 61 ninety percent were white and a majority of the women held at least college degrees 69 Ninety-five percent of the women had incomes over 30000 a year The participants were recruited from a database derived from newspaper birth announcements Mothers were required initially to complete a questionnaire to determine the frequency that they spanked or slapped their children as a response to child misbehavior The participants were then divided into three categories Never spankers Occasional spankers and Frequent spankers The Never spankers reported never spanking or slapping the Occasional spankers spankslap less than once a week and the Frequent spankers spankslap at least once or twice a week Through interaction with a computer the participants were presented with four vignettes depicting
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