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Word Count: 778
During the first half of the 20th Century the nation and the media had to facesome of the gravest crises in modern history Media responses to these crises suggest thebasic questions about the relationship between the media and modern society In a finalanalysis the media during the national crisis of 1917-1945 should be judged as aconstructive force for combating immense national threats to democracy Most of themedias actions demonstrate constructive patriotism World War I was a major crises for this nation and led to media coverage andforeign correspondence like never before When the United States entered the war theCPI was formed which coordinated the media and war effort Their job was to informand influence the press The information was usually accurate but it is easy to see howthe CPI could use the press to further the American war effort The CPI had newspapereditors voluntarily censor their material according to the CPIs guidelines of material thatshould be kept secret Since the press supported the war they cooperated with the CPI Even though newspapers had information the public would be interested in they wouldcensor that information because they believed in the overall goal of furthering the wareffort not giving information to the enemy and mobilizing public support for the war The same is true for the Great DepressionDuring the Great Depression President Hoover had asked the press to use cautionand not to make matters worse It is said that newspapers did not need the nudgeSloan Startt 324 Instead of reporting on specific matters about the economy orpolitical action newspapers published happier stories as not to upset their readers Thiswas an effort that newspapers thought was for the common good By not upsetting oralarming their readers widespread panic would not happen Media during the GreatDepression is another example of how the media curtailed themselves and publishedstories which they believed would better serve the American cause They would limitemotion and not upset people The New Deal brought on
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