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What Were The Crusades In the year 1095 Emperor Alexius beseeched Pope Urban II in Europe for aid against the invading forces of Seljuk Turks who were pushing at the borders of the Byzantine Empire Little did Alexius know or anyone for that matter that with the mailing of that letter one of the greatest religious and military phenomena of the history of the world had just been sparked In November of that year in Clermont France Pope Urban II stood before a throng of European nobles and peasants and asked for their aid in recapturing the Holy Land the home land of Jesus Christ the Land of the Holy Sepulchre Despite numerous accounts and retellings both in books and documentaries the details and true essence of the Crusades remains unknown by the masses Many questions and controversies arise when the matter is deeply looked into Why were these Holy Wars undertaken Were they truly Holy Wars Who made up the armies What effects did the Crusades have upon the Europe and the world Fortunately when the matter is deeply researched many answers are discovered as well The following is an attempt to answer the mysteries of one of the most glorious conquests and over-ambitious blunders of military history Why Were the Crusades Undertaken When Pope Urban II read the letter from Alexius Emperor of Byzantine a glorious vision of sorts came to the Pope and he quickly acted and made plans for the First Crusade At the Council of Clermont Urban II stood before thousands and appealed to their religiousness with a Holy War to the lands of the Holy Sepulchre in the Middle East There was little mention of the invasion of the Byzantine Empire by the Seljuk Turks only word of a terrible army of blood-thirsty heathens In addition to the liberation of the city of Jerusalem Pope Urban II appealed to the material desires of the people as
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