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Word Count: 583
Following the decision of the Supreme Court regarding the Plessy vs Ferguson case in 1896 many black Americans decided to push for the equality they so rightfully deserved One of the most significant cases regarding segregation was the case of Brown v Board of Education In 1952 the Supreme Court was approached by four states and the District of Columbia challenging the constitutionality of the segregation of races in the public schools They wanted desegregation in the public school system because the current segregation was not equal and it violated their freedoms as citizens of the United States of AmericaAs late as the 1950s society in the Southern United States remained racially segregated by law The segregation laws in these states were supported by an 1896 Supreme Court ruling In the case of Plessy vs Ferguson the Court had ruled that separate but equal public facilities for blacks and whites did not violate the Constitution This ruling set a pattern that forced Southern black Americans to live almost totally segregated from white society A strong civil rights movement in the United States had developed by the 1950s and ending segregation in public schools became one of its primary targets The National Association for the Advancement of Colored People NAACP won a legal battle to gain admission for qualified black Americans to professional and graduate schools NAACP lawyers led by Thurgood Marshall then took the broader issue of segregation in public schools In 1954 the Supreme Court agreed to hear the case of Brown vs the Board of Education of Topeka Kansas The case involved Linda Brown an eight year old black girl from Topeka Linda was required to attend an all black school 20 blocks from her home even though there was an all white school only a few blocks away With help from the NAACP Lindas father Oliver Brown sued the Topeka Board of Education so that his daughter could
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