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After proclaiming the Declaration of Independence of India on January 26 1930 Mahatma Gandhi came to an impasse in his political career focused on freeing India from British rule A new anti-government campaign was imperative for achieving the secularization of India for its people it remained unclear however to Gandhi what form was most appropriate for this campaign to take Sheean 152 156-7 During the period that followed in which he could find no light at the end of the tunnel it became apparent to Gandhi that non-violent civil disobedience would form the basis for any ensuing protest Sheean 152 156-7 Beginning in February 1930 Gandhis thoughts swayed towards the British salt tax one of many economic improprieties used to generate revenue to support British rule as the focal point of non-violent political protest Ashe 301 The British monopoly on the salt tax in India dictated that the sale or production of salt by anyone but the British government was a criminal offense punishable by law Ashe 301 Moreso than in more temperate climates salt was invaluable to the people of India many of whom were agricultural laborers and required the mineral for metabolism in an environment of immense heat and humidity where sweating was profuse Occurring throughout low-lying coastal zones of India salt was readily accessible to laborers who were instead forced to pay money for a mineral which they could easily collect themselves for free Jack 235 Moreover Ghandis choice met the important criterion of appealing across regional class and ethnic boundaries Everyone needed salt and the British taxes on it had an impact on all of India Led by an inner voice during this period of strategical uncertainty Gandhi used the British Governments monopoly of the salt tax as a catalyst for a major Satyagraha campaign Copley 46-8 One of Gandhis principal concepts satyagraha goes beyond mere passive resistance by adding the Sanskrit word Agraha resolution to Satya Truth For him it
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