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Department of Corrections is an agency of the state that is responsible for thesupervision and management of convicted felons The Department of Corrections allowsthe protection of the community by operating safe secure facilities that keep offendersunder firm fair practices There is a wide range of treatment including educational andvocational programs that help the offenders become rehabilitated citizens Corrections hasbeen around for centuries The corrections history of New York and of Utah are just afew pieces of a huge puzzle of corrections That human institutions require periodicredesign if only because of their tendency to decay is not a minor fact about them noreasily understood Taken the span of history there is no more important lesson to beThe history of New Yorks Corrections starts with the Fort Amsterdam Era FortAmsterdam was erected in 1625 Its facilities were dungeon-like Its prisoners includedunruly soldiers native people that were uncompliant and debtors Next came StatesHuys It was built in 1642 This Corrections facility also served as a tavern a court anda city hall In 1699 Stats Huys was condemned as unfit and could no longer be used as aNext the New York City Hall was constructed Many dangerous prisoners werekept in the basement until they had their court proceedings But in 1700 the basementssecurity was proved to be inadequate so guards were hired to watch the prisoners In1759 the first facility was built specifically for use as a jail It was named New Goal Most of the jail housed civilian lawbreakers except for a few debtors and paupers 1775brought about the construction of a workhouse known as Bridewell It was to be placedin New York City Hall Park but its construction was interrupted by the War forIndependence In 1788 the New York State Legislature enacted a law that named twelveCommissioners to Bridewell and Almshouse another Corrections facility This panel ofcommissioners is almost definitely the administrative beginning of the New YorkNew York opened its first state prison in 1788 It opened
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